The parable is that mosquitoes cannot fly above 15 to 20 feet. It’s not correct. “How far do mosquitoes travel” and “how far do mosquitoes roam”
Mosquitoes have existed since 200+ million years, one of the deadliest of all animals on Earth. Mosquitoes killed an estimated 2 million people per year.
They’ll carry deadly diseases like Dengue, Chikungunya, and Malaria.
How high do mosquitoes fly above the ground and where they are born?
- The parable is that mosquitoes cannot fly above 15 to 20 feet. It’s not correct. Usually, Mosquitoes bite humans and fly at heights less than 25 feet.
- However, most villagers found mosquito breeding in tree hills 50 feet above the ground. Then found thriving in high-rise apartment buildings.
- In addition, abandoned overhead tanks containing even one inch of stagnant water is an ideal breeding spot.
- For example, Mosquitoes breeding as high as 1000+ feet in the Himalayans and as low as 2000 feet below grounds.
How far do mosquitoes travel in their lifetime?
- Generally, they tend to hang around their breeding location and would operate within 50 to 100 meters. However, in the quest for food, which has blood and nectar, then they need travel distances without landing
- Mosquitoes are breeding on salty marshes.
- Known to travel as far as 100 to 150 kilometers.
- Mosquitoes can even cross-continents by sitting in your travel bag
How fast can mosquitoes fly?
In conclusion, depending upon the species, mosquitoes can do fly at about 1 to 1.5 miles per hour. Check this slow-mo video. (“Mosquito flight 6000 frames/second“)
Did you know that mosquitoes were joined for wars?
Mosquitoes may be responsible for the death of roughly half of all social bees that have ever lived from the rise. And fall of the Roman Empire to why we love gin and tonic.
Seven ways of Mosquito-borne diseases have altered the course of human history.
7. The death of Alexander the Great.
Alexander the Great
Alexander is one of the best of history’s military minds. He spent most of his life campaigning through the known world and beyond.
When he became King of Mastodon at age 20. He began conquering Persia, and his legend began to grow out of 321. He defeated the Persian emperor Darrius the third and only stopped for a moment.
Subsequently, He was sicked with malaria. He recovered, and went on to unknown territory, including all of the stands through the Kush Mountains and into India. In addition, he fought nine years without defeat — 17 to zero.
However, Along the Indus River Valley, Alexander’s forest came face to face with deadly mosquitoes. His troops became weakened and reduced by malaria.
Meanwhile, his sick men with their poor morale, other illnesses, and venomous snakes desire to return home. The possibility of facing an undefeatable enemy, Forrest Alexander, to turn home.
A Mosquito Historian Professor Said…
Professor Timothy C Winegard report that at the beginning of 323 BCE. He and his army stopped in Babylon to plan the next campaigns.
However, locals had a premonition that he must enter the city through the East, through the Royal Gate, or met by certain death.
So it turns out that entrance forces Alexander through marshes and canals full of mosquitoes. A few days in Babylon, he became extremely ill. His symptoms were well documented by his inner circle. Reported that from his entrance into Babylon to fevers until his death.
His illness lasted 12 days, pointing to false APAR and malaria as the cause of death in 323 BCE. After that Winegard points out, had this malaria mosquito not sucked the life out of Alexander.
All indications point toward an advance into the Far East, genuinely uniting the East and West for the first time. The tiny mosquito is what robbed him of his glory. He was just 32 years old.
There are several other theories as to what may have caused Alexander’s death from poison to bacteria. But the best evidence seems to point to the malaria mosquito.
6. Roman defenses
However, this point, you can imagine that mosquitoes can act as soldiers to unleashing death destruction. But loyal to no one.
The case with Rome, the mosquito came to its support. Rome was one surrounded by the Pontine Marshes and area.
Moreover, as Timothy Winegard puts it, the marshes were home to legions of lethal mosquitoes and were the defensive equivalent to armies of men.
Rome was valued as the spiritual, cultural, and economic center of the empire. Invading armies from the Punic Wars up to World War II have been swarmed to death in the Ponting Marshes surrounding Rome.
When Hannibal and Carthaginians defeated the Roman army and several notable battles, the road to Rome was wide open. However, they never secured the capital city besides the fresh troops that awaited Hannibal’s army.
They would have to spend the summer. That Ponting Marshes was 200 years earlier, the Gauls had sacked Rome.
So many were killed by malaria. But they just settled for gold and hobbled away as best they could remember that story too.
Meanwhile, the Roman army was transforming into a lethal war machine. It became famous for and by recruiting soldiers from the non-malarial North. They swooped down and defeated Hannibal.
By the time, the dramatic tribes started invading Rome during the 5th century AD. Malaria was nothing new, but Rome’s enemies didn’t know how to deal with it.
In 408 AD, Alaric King of the Visigoths swept through Italy and sacked the city of Rome in 410 for the first time in 800 years. Then went South through the Marshes. He soon died from severe malaria.
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Attila the Hun and his army from the caucuses. The vandals from Bohemia also wanted to sack Rome while the attack of mosquitoes on military ranks over time became too debilitating for armies to handle.
5. The collapse of the Roman Empire
The mosquito is a fickle ally and does not discriminate who had wanted to bite.
In fact, with malaria parasite just as it helped defend Rome as the city grew from a few hundred thousand people to millions and change the city to be full of water features, plumbing. Other stagnant water sources, diseases, of course including malaria, began to take over.
So the 1990s in the town of blue Nano, 70 miles North of Rome. A team is overseen by the University of Arizona archaeologist.
Roman antiquity expert David Soren excavated a mass grave containing the remains of 47 children. All signs pointed towards the children have died from malaria.
Historical documents from Roman times make several mentions of a disease that sounds similar to malaria. But until 201, hard evidence was lacking that year.
DNA expert, Robert Sir Lora has identified malarial DNA from the leg bone of a three-year-old child, uncovered at the site.
Dating back to around 458 AD
DNA work of Sir Lora’s confirmed behavior of malaria during late Roman times. While a multitude of factors caused by the collapse of the Roman Empire, malaria was probably one of them.
During a disease, it would have been challenging to raise troops and for farmers to tend to their crops. The effects of malaria would have been detrimental to the already weakened society.
As Timothy says about the mosquito, while she was defending Rome from foreign attacks. She was also busy piercing the heart of Rome itself.
4. Mosquito-borne diseases in the new world
Before the arrival of Christopher Columbus, malaria did not exist in the Americas.
His first voyage changed the world order and brought deadly mosquitoes and their diseases and to the Americas.
There are only three mosquito species known to cause disease in humans. Two of them, 80’s Egypt, die, and Annapolis, arrived and had no problem becoming a host.
Besides, Harvard entomologist, Andrew Spielman says, just one person could have established the parasite in the entire continent. However, Person zero, the one human malarial conduit, was a member of Columbus’s initial voyage. On the ship.
Any mosquito that was stuck on board, what have had the perfect all you can eat buffet and sweet fresh drinking water to reproduce in.
The 80s Egypt times mosquito established a presence in North America during the 16th century via the transatlantic slave trade, which is also one of the ways enough Lee’s moved to the new world.
80’s Egypt times responsible for Dengue, yellow fever. Encephalitis and the Zika virus that has affected the world in recent years. Yellow fever may have had Haiti as early as 1495.
However, the first confirmed case of it in the new world was in Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula in 1648. These diseases brought by Europeans, decimated the indigenous populations before they ever even saw a European in person.
The diseases had already arrived way before them. It is believed that this is why European conquerors relied so heavily on African slave labor.
Especially in the South, where diseases like yellow fever and malaria were frequent, because the 80s Egypt time and Anopheles mosquitoes were endemic to Africa, many slaves were highly resistant to the viruses they carry
3. The American revolution
That is to say, Mosquitoes can be partially credited with helping America gain its independence.
In 1780, the British sent a large number of troops to the Southern colonies, which were fraught with malaria at the time.
Many members of the locally raised continental army had spent their entire lives in malaria zones. Therefore built up a resistance to the disease known as “seasoning.” Once you get a fever a few times, you know what doesn’t kill you, makes you stronger.
Additionally, protecting the troops against malaria was a priority as evidenced by the decision at the first continental Congress in 1775 to a lot $300 for the purchase of quinine for military use.
On the other hand, most of the British troops had little to no previous exposure to malaria.
Consequently, when they became infected, their army was incapacitated according to John McNeil, a history professor at Georgetown and author of the book mosquito empires.
More than half of the British army was too sick to move between June and November of 1780.
Malaria retook hold of the British army the following year after Lord Cornwallis, the British commander in the South, decided to move his troops up North to avoid the fatal sickness, which so nearly ruined the army.
After he was planned to relocate to the Hills of Virginia, however, his superiors ordered Cornwallis and his men to Yorktown.
In other words, the mosquito became George Washington’s secret weapon as s surprise.
Later, malaria had rendered 51% of the troops to ill for duty. They were unable to participate in the counter seed operations that were necessary for war Victory.
American and French forces surrounded Yorktown, and Cornwallis surrendered in October, effectively ending the revolutionary war.
2. Haitian Independence
In late 1801 Napoleon Bonaparte commissioned his brother-in-law general Victor. The clerk, along with 20,000 troops.
To subdue a slave uprising in Haiti after their arrival in 1802, the French essentially wrangled control of the Island within a few short battles.
Leclerc awaited reinforcements confident that total victory would soon be his before long.
However, law clerks, men became sick with yellow fever, not surprising. Since the ports, particularly at Porto-AU-Prince surrounded by swamps and rife with mosquitoes.
Delirium, coma, and death were the most common symptoms of yellow fever among the French soldiers in Haiti, who, unlike the Islanders, had no resistance to the disease whatsoever.
By the summer of 1802, between 30 and 50 men were dying daily. Leclerc himself caught the disease. Later, reinforcements arrived under the command of the general Rosh ambo.
To make a long story short, when Roshambo retreated to France in November of 1803, he had only 3000 survivors with him.
Haiti declared its independence in 1804, thereby making it the first independent country in Latin America while yellow fever wasn’t the only reason the French were defeated in Haiti. It has contributed to their loss and affected Napoleon’s future decisions.
Realizing his military didn’t stand a chance against the disease. Napoleon offered the Louisiana territory to the US for the bargain price of $15 million.
The European conquest of Africa
Until the mid-19th century, malaria was a prime obstacle to the penetration of Africa for most Europeans.
So, these deadly mosquitoes protected Africa from invasion for hundreds, if not thousands of years but people have lived with malaria for many generations.
However, Africans had resistance to the disease. Europeans haven’t, and the disease took them in high numbers.
They founded a malaria prevention method
The coast of Sierra Leone was nicknamed the white man’s grave, precisely because of the number of deaths that occurred there due to both malaria and yellow fever.
Only 1-10 Europeans that were sent to Africa during the 18th century survived.
It was a saying in the Vatican, ironically, since it too, was famous for malaria, that if you wanted to get rid of an annoying priest.
And send them to Africa. The use of quinine as an anti-malarial drug goes back as far as 400 years. However, the Europeans began using it on a widespread scale until the mid-18000 when French scientists extracted quinine from Cinchona trees.
Therefore, in 1848, the British military began using quinine to prevent malaria. Then in the 1860s, the Dutch were the first Europeans to grow Cinchona trees successfully.
So with the introduction of quinine, Europeans could live in places where malaria was prevalent. It thus became a tool of 19th-century colonialism, enabling Imperial expansion throughout Africa and Asia.
To combat the bitterness of quinine, the British developed the famous tonic and gin cocktail. The early version of the drink involved mixing quinine was sugary water and gin to keep up with demand.
So, Tonic water began commercially made in 1858. Well, yellow fever continued to be a problem combating malaria, and thus conquering Africa became cheap and easy.
The development of quinine for medical purposes helps facilitate the scramble for Africa.
A period defined by the rapid colonization of Africa by European powers between 1890 and 1900. I could go on and on about this, but if you want to know more stories about how the mosquito has affected human history,
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