Types Of Business Loans

This article explains different types of business loans. There are various reasons why your company may need to borrow money, and there are several financing choices to choose from. While having a variety of loan alternatives might be beneficial, it is also necessary to complete research before applying.

You must first pick the correct sort of business loan before getting finance for your company. The sort of company loan that’s appropriate for you depends on various factors, including your qualifying criteria, loan purpose, and preferred loan conditions.

The most prevalent forms of business loans are listed below.

SBA Loans

Types Of Business Loans

SBA loans are small business loans backed by the US Small Business Administration (SBA). Because the federal government guarantees repayment of up to 85 percent of the loan balance if the borrower defaults, the lender’s risk is decreased.

In 2021, SBA loan interest rates might vary from 2.8 percent to 13 percent, while each SBA-approved lender sets its annual percentage rate (APR). Depending on the loan arrangement, repayment durations might last up to 25 years.

The following are a few SBA loans:

SBA 7(a) loans: If you want to develop your firm, get operating cash, or buy an existing company, they are a fantastic option. Businesses that meet the criteria may borrow up to $5 million.

SBA 504 loans: Fixed assets, like equipment or real estate, may be purchased with the support of 504 loans. You may also be able to use these monies to improve your current property. Businesses that meet the criteria may borrow up to $5 million.

SBA microloans: Microloans may assist your company in fulfilling working capital requirements, buying inventory and supplies, and paying for equipment. If you meet the criteria, you might get up to $50,000.

Term Loans

Many individuals think of term loans when looking for small business financing alternatives. A term loan is a loan that your company takes out from a conventional bank, credit union, or internet lender. The monies are then repaid over a certain time (and often at a fixed interest rate).

These loans have different terms and conditions, but a well-qualified company could be able to:

  • You may borrow up to $500,000 or even more.
  • Obtain an APR of around 9%.
  • Repayment periods of up to ten years are available.
  • You may use the money for several things, including working capital, inventory, and equipment.

Short-term Loans

Types Of Business Loans

A short-term business loan may be worth considering if your company needs funds quickly and prefers payback terms of less than three years. Some internet lenders may be able to provide cash in as little as one day to qualified firms.

Several things might influence the terms of your short-term loan. A well-qualified company, on the other hand, could be able to locate loan offers to:

  • Up to $500,000 may be borrowed (though often less)
  • Secure APRs as low as 8% are available.
  • Repayment lengths range from six to 18 months.

Startup Loans

Before you qualify for some business finance alternatives, your firm may need to be in operation for at least a year. A startup company loan may be a suitable match for fledgling enterprises that need money quickly.

SBA microloans, internet loans, and business credit cards are alternatives for startup company funding. Interest rates, fees, loan amounts, and payback durations may differ according to the wide range of options available. When starting company finance, it’s critical to examine several lending possibilities.

Business Lines of Credit

Types Of Business Loans

A business line of credit is a sort of credit that allows you to borrow money as required and just pay interest on the amount borrowed. It functions similarly to a credit card in several aspects. The issuing bank grants you a credit limit, and you may utilize and return the money you owe during the draw term.

However, the draw period may ultimately expire (usually after 12-24 months), and you will no longer be able to use the credit line. The payback term, which might run up to five years, starts at that moment.


Microloans are a kind of loan with a tiny loan amount and a short payback period. Interest rates are often cheap (or nonexistent in certain situations), and qualifying requirements are sometimes less severe than for other types of company loans.

Businesses that meet the criteria may be eligible to borrow up to $50,000 from nonprofit organizations. The majority of microlenders target underprivileged small company owners, including women and minorities.

Invoice Factoring

Types Of Business Loans

You may be qualified for invoice factoring if your firm offers a product or service to other businesses and receives payments via invoices. Your company sells its outstanding B2B invoices to a third party using this sort of financing.

The factoring provider buying your invoices may advance 70% to 95% of their value upfront. The business then collects overdue payments from your clients, deducts a fixed charge (usually 0.5 percent to 5% per month, per outstanding invoice), and refunds the balance.

There are two kinds of invoice factoring that require repayment and ones that don’t.

  • Recourse factoring agreements might bind your company to the purchase of outstanding bills.
  • In non-recourse factoring arrangements, the factoring business assumes responsibility for any unpaid bills.

Invoice Financing

Invoice financing functions similarly to invoice factoring. However, you do not sell outstanding bills to a third party with this company finance option. Instead, your invoices are utilized as collateral to help you get a cash advance of up to 80% of the amount owing on your outstanding bills.

You keep control of collecting from your clients using invoice financing. You return the lender who gave you the cash advance when your clients pay you.

Working Capital Loans

A working capital loan is for companies that need help funding their day-to-day operating costs. These short-term company loans are ideal for seasonal firms and those that want financing till their income increases.

Some internet lenders and conventional financial institutions provide working capital loans. SBA loans, term loans, lines of credit, and invoice factoring are some of the funding choices accessible. Your loan conditions may also vary substantially due to the diversity of alternatives available. The APR on this form of loan, for example, might vary from 3% to 99 percent.

Merchant Cash Advances

A merchant cash advance (MCA) is a kind of borrowing based on the promise of future income. A merchant services provider may assess your daily credit card sales and the amount you desire to borrow when applying for this financing option. The corporation may then evaluate how much money it feels comfortable investing in your organization.

If you are approved for this sort of financing, the merchant services business may compel you to make daily payments, usually sent by automated bank draft. Typically, the amount you owe is a percentage of your daily credit card sales. Fees may vary. However, factor rates often vary between 1.2 and 1.5.

Equipment Financing

Equipment finance might be a suitable option if your company requires money to buy equipment or machines. The collateral for the loan is the equipment you buy. If you fail, the lender may take possession of the equipment and sell it to recoup part of its losses.

You can lock in competitive interest rates since the presence of collateral reduces the lender’s investment risk. APRs typically run from 8% to 30%, and loan amounts vary based on the cost of the equipment your company requires and other considerations. On this sort of loan, lenders may provide payback periods of 25 years.

Commercial Real Estate Loans

Types Of Business Loans

A commercial real estate loan may be advantageous to businesses looking to purchase commercial property. The item you’re purchasing (the house) acts as security for the loan, just like it does for equipment loans. The lender may foreclose on the property and sell it to recuperate some of its investment if the borrower defaults.

The ability of your firm to qualify, its APR, and the amount it may borrow may be influenced by variables such as:

  • The value of the property versus the purchase price (loan-to-value ratio)
  • Your business’ revenue and debt
  • Creditworthiness
  • Cash flow
  • Down payment size
  • Lender and loan type
  • Personal Loans for Business Use

Personal loans are used by some company owners for business needs, although not all lenders accept them. Small business owners looking to start a new company might explore this option since approval is based only on their credit, not a business credit score that they haven’t built yet.

Personal loans often have lesser loan amounts than commercial financing alternatives. Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio may influence the maximum amount you may borrow. In August of 2021, the average interest rate on a personal loan was about 9%, according to the Federal Reserve.


As we’ve seen, there are many different sorts of business loans, and deciding which one is great for your business depends on a number of criteria.

Each small company loan is tailored to a specific business requirement. Before narrowing down your alternatives, think about your credit, your firm’s finances, how long you’ve been in business, and why you need the loan. After that, you’ll most likely have a few—or several—options to choose from.

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